LAKE FOREST, Ill., Oct. 31, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Akorn, Inc. (Nasdaq: AKRX), a leading specialty pharmaceutical company, today announced its preliminary financial results for the third quarter of 2019.

Third Quarter 2019 and Recent Business Highlights

See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

Douglas Boothe, Akorn’s President and Chief Executive Officer, stated, “Our third quarter results reflect the continued progress and momentum we have built year-to-date.  The positive operating cash flow generation, significant decrease in failure to supply penalties, and continued margin improvements were driven by our commitment to operational excellence.  As a result of our third quarter performance and current expectations for the fourth quarter, we are updating our net loss and affirming our revenue and adjusted EBITDA guidance for full year 2019.”

Boothe continued, “We are confident in our long-term strategy and are pleased with the progress we have made in our efforts to refinance our debt and return to long-term profitability and value creation for our stakeholders.”

Summary Financial Results for the Quarter Ended September 30, 2019

Akorn‘s reported net revenue was $176.2 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2019, representing an increase of $10.6 million, or 6.4%, as compared to net revenue of $165.6 million for the three month period ended September 30, 2018.  The increase in net revenue in the period was primarily due to increases of $11.0 million and $4.6 million in organic revenue and new products, respectively, partially offset by a decline in discontinued products revenue of $5.0 million.  The $11.0 million increase in organic revenue was due to approximately $37.0 million, or 23.4% of favorable price variance primarily due to price increases on certain exclusive products partially offset by $25.9 million, or 16.4% in volume decline.  The volume decline was principally due to the effect of competition on a number of products, including Myorisan® and Fluticasone Rx as well as supply shortfalls from the continued production ramp-up at our Somerset manufacturing facility.

Consolidated gross profit for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, was $71.4 million, or 40.5% of net revenue, compared to $57.3 million, or 34.6% of net revenue, in the corresponding prior year quarter.  The increase in the gross profit percentage was principally due to favorable price and product mix and timing of costs associated with FDA compliance related improvement activities.

GAAP net income for the third quarter of 2019, was $47.7 million, or $0.38 per diluted share, compared to GAAP net loss of $(70.1) million, or $(0.56) per diluted share, for the same quarter of 2018.  Included in GAAP net income for the third quarter of 2019 was an income tax benefit of approximately $66.3 million which was primarily due to the release of a tax reserve as a result of an IRS approval of an accounting method change related to the timing of deductions for chargebacks and rebates.  After a net adjustment of $(45) million to net income for non-GAAP items, adjusted diluted earnings per share for the third quarter of 2019 was $0.02, compared to $(0.06) in the same quarter of 2018, after a net adjustment of $63 million to net income for non-GAAP items.  See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) was $17.5 million for the third quarter of 2019, compared to $(56.2) million for the third quarter of 2018.  Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP measure used by management to evaluate the performance of the Akorn business, was $29.0 million for the third quarter of 2019, compared to $10.0 million for the third quarter of 2018.  See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

Summary Financial Results for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

Akorn‘s reported net revenue was $520.2 million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019, representing a decrease of $20.5 million, or 3.8%, as compared to net revenue of $540.6 million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018.  The decrease in net revenue in the period was primarily due to $16.4 million and $12.1 million decline in organic revenue and discontinued products, respectively, that were partially offset by $8.0 million increase in net revenue from new products.  The $16.4 million decline in organic revenue was due to approximately $77.7 million, or 15.0% in volume declines partially offset by $61.3 million, or 11.8% of favorable price variance primarily due to price increases on certain exclusive products.  The volume decline was principally due to the effect of competition on a number of products including Fluticasone Rx, Aminocaproic Tablets, Nembutal and Ephedrine as well as supply shortfalls from the continued production ramp-up at our Somerset manufacturing facility.

Consolidated gross profit for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019, was $192.9 million, or 37.1% of net revenue, compared to $220.8 million, or 40.8% of net revenue, in the corresponding prior year period.  The decline in the gross profit percentage was principally due to increased costs associated with FDA compliance related improvement activities and increased inventory loss that was partially offset by favorable price and product mix.

GAAP net loss was $(146.1) million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019, or $(1.16) per diluted share, compared to GAAP net loss of $(186.9) million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, or $(1.49) per diluted share.  After a net adjustment of $133 million to net income for non-GAAP items, adjusted diluted earnings per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $(0.10), compared to $0.10 in the corresponding period in the prior year, after a net adjustment of $199 million to net income for non-GAAP items.

EBITDA was $(105.6) million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019, compared to $(135.4) million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018.  Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP measure used by management to evaluate the performance of the Akorn business, was $60.7 million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2019, compared to $69.2 million for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018.  See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

Updated Full Year 2019 Guidance

The Company is affirming its net revenue and adjusted EBITDA guidance, and updating other guidance as noted below:

  • Net revenue for the year is expected to be in the range of $690 million to $710 million
  • Net loss for the year is expected to be in the range of $(193) million to $(178) million.  The change is primarily driven by a tax benefit during the three month period ended September 30, 2019, which was due to the release of a reserve for an uncertain tax position.
  • Adjusted EBITDA for the year is expected to be in the range of $71 million to $86 million
  • Expecting approximately $30 million in capital expenditures, a decrease from previous guidance
  • Expecting approximately $50 million for FDA compliance and data integrity assessment expenditures

Status of Akorn Pending ANDA Filings

As of October 31, 2019, Akorn had 34 ANDAs pending at the FDA, representing approximately $5.6 billion in annual branded and generic market value according to IQVIA.

Filed  Tentative ApprovalPendingTotal$ in millions  CountValue *CountValue *CountValue *OphthalmicBrand ** 4$1,1959$2,99613$4,191 Generic 1 133 1104 123InjectableBrand ** — —2 92 9 Generic 1 1276 8707 997TopicalBrand ** — —— —— — Generic — —3 543 54OtherBrand ** — —— —— — Generic — —5 2385 238Total  6$1,33528$4,27734$5,612

* The value, shown in millions, is the market size estimate based on IQVIA data for the trailing 12 months ended August 2019 and excludes any trade and customary allowances and discounts.  The IQVIA market size is not a forecast of our future sales.

** The label “brand” indicates that the pending ANDA filing is for a product that has not yet had generic competition, therefore the market value is that of the branded reference drug.  All filings reported in the table are generic filings.

Conference Call and Webcast Details:

As previously announced, Akorn’s management will hold a conference call with interested investors and analysts at 10:00 a.m. EDT on October 31, 2019, to discuss these results and updates in more detail.  To access the live webcast, please go to Akorn’s Investor Relations web site at http://investors.akorn.  The dial-in number to access the call is in the U.S. and Canada and +1 for international callers.  The conference ID is 4344329.

A webcast replay of the conference call will be available shortly following the conclusion of the call and will be available for 90 days following the call.  To access the webcast replay, please go to Akorn’s Investor Relations web site at http://investors.akorn.

About Akorn:

Akorn, Inc. is a specialty pharmaceutical company engaged in the development, manufacture and marketing of multisource and branded pharmaceuticals.  Akorn has manufacturing facilities located in Decatur, Illinois; Somerset, New Jersey; Amityville, New York; Hettlingen, Switzerland and Paonta Sahib, India that manufacture ophthalmic, injectable and specialty sterile and non-sterile pharmaceuticals.  Additional information is available on Akorn’s website at www.akorn.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures:

To supplement Akorn’s financial results presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), the Company uses certain non-GAAP (also referred to as “adjusted” or “non-GAAP adjusted”) financial measures in this press release and the accompanying tables, including (1) EBITDA, (2) adjusted EBITDA, (3) adjusted net income, (4) adjusted diluted earnings per share, (5) net debt, and (6) net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio.  These non-GAAP measures adjust for certain specified items that are described in this release.  The Company believes that each of these non-GAAP financial measures is helpful in understanding its past financial performance and potential future results.  The non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for or superior to comparable GAAP measures.

Akorn’s management uses these measures in analyzing its business and financial condition.  Akorn’s management believes that the presentation of these and other non-GAAP financial measures provide investors greater transparency into Akorn’s ongoing results of operations allowing investors to better compare the Company’s results from period to period.

Investors should note that these non-GAAP financial measures used to present financial guidance are not prepared under any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles and do not reflect all of the amounts associated with the Company’s results of operations as determined in accordance with GAAP.  Investors should also note that these non-GAAP financial measures have no standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and; therefore, have limits in their usefulness to investors.  In addition, from time-to-time in the future there may be other items that the Company may exclude for purposes of its non-GAAP financial measures; likewise, the Company may in the future cease to exclude items that it has historically excluded for purposes of its non-GAAP financial measures.  Because of the non-standardized definitions, the non-GAAP financial measures as used by Akorn in this press release and the accompanying tables may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be directly comparable to, similarly titled measures used by the Company’s competitors and other companies.

Set forth below is the definition of each non-GAAP financial measure as used by the Company in this press release and a full reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.

EBITDA, as defined by the Company, represents net income (loss) before net interest income (expense), provision (benefit) for income taxes and depreciation and amortization.

Adjusted EBITDA, as defined by the Company, is calculated as follows:

Net income (loss), (minus) plus:

Interest income (expense), net
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
Depreciation and amortization
Non-cash expenses, such as impairment of long-lived assets, share-based compensation expense, and amortization of deferred financing costs
Other adjustments, such as legal settlements, restatement expenses and various merger and acquisition-related expenses, employee retention expense, refinancing advisory fees, fixed asset impairment, executive termination expenses, data integrity investigations & assessment, gain on disposal of fixed assets, and
Fresenius transaction & litigation

Adjusted EBITDA is deemed by the Company to be a useful performance indicator because it includes an add back of non-cash or non-recurring operating expenses that have no impact on continuing cash flows as well as other items that are not expected to recur and therefore are not reflective of continuing operating performance.

Adjusted net income (loss), as defined by the Company, is calculated as follows:

Net income (loss), (minus) plus:              

Amortization expense
Non-cash expenses, such as impairment of long-lived assets, share-based compensation expense, and amortization of deferred financing costs
Other adjustments, such as legal settlements, restatement expenses and various merger and acquisition-related expenses, employee retention expense, refinancing advisory fees, fixed asset impairment, executive termination expenses, data integrity investigations & assessment, gain on disposal of fixed assets, and
Fresenius transaction & litigation
Less an estimated tax provision, net of the benefit from utilizing net operating loss carry-forwards effected for the adjustments noted above

Adjusted diluted earnings per share, as defined by the Company, is equal to adjusted net income divided by the actual or anticipated diluted share count for the applicable period.  The Company believes that adjusted net income and adjusted diluted earnings per share are meaningful financial indicators, to both Company management and investors, in that they exclude non-cash income and expense items that have no impact on current or future cash flows, as well as other income and expense items that are not expected to recur and therefore are not reflective of continuing operating performance.

Net debt, as defined by the Company, is gross debt including Akorn’s term loan less cash and cash equivalents.

Net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio, as defined by the Company, is net debt divided by the trailing twelve months adjusted EBITDA.

The shortcomings of non-GAAP financial measures as guidance or performance measures are that they provide a view of the Company’s results of operations without including all events during a period.  For example, adjusted EBITDA does not take into account the impact of capital expenditures on either the liquidity or the financial performance of the Company and likewise omits share-based compensation expenses, which may vary over time and may represent a material portion of overall compensation expense.  Adjusted net income does not take into account non-cash expenses that reflect the amortization of past expenditures, or include share-based compensation, which is an important and material element of the Company‘s compensation package for its directors, officers and other key employees.  Due to the inherent limitations of non-GAAP financial measures, investors should consider non-GAAP measures only as a supplement to, not as a substitute for or as a superior measure to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP.  Investors and other readers are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of non-GAAP measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures as presented in this press release.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes statements that may constitute “forward-looking statements”, including expectations regarding the Company’s business plan and initiatives, financial performance, product launches, pending ANDA filings, the financial guidance for 2019, the non-binding agreement in principle to settle the Securities Class Action Litigation, and other statements regarding the Company’s plans and strategy.  When used in this document, the words “will,” “expect,” “continue,” “scheduled,” “plans,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “could,” “strives” and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements.  These statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  A number of important factors could cause actual results of the Company and its subsidiaries to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements.  These factors include, but are not limited to:  (i) the effect of the Delaware Court of Chancery’s October 1, 2018 decision against the Company and the Delaware Supreme Court’s December 7, 2018 order affirming the Chancery Court’s decision on the Company’s ability to retain and hire key personnel, its ability to maintain relationships with its customers, suppliers and others with whom it does business, or its operating results and business generally, (ii) the risk that ongoing or future litigation against the defendants or related to the court’s decision may result in significant costs of defense, indemnification and/or liability, (iii) the outcome of the investigation conducted by the Company, with the assistance of outside consultants, into alleged breaches of FDA data integrity requirements relating to product development at the Company and any actions taken by the Company, third parties or the FDA as a result of such investigations, (iv) the difficulty of predicting the timing or outcome of product development efforts, including FDA and other regulatory agency approvals and actions, if any, (v) the timing and success of product launches, (vi) difficulties or delays in manufacturing, (vii) the Company’s increased indebtedness and obligation to comply with certain covenants and other obligations under its standstill agreement with its first lien term loan lenders (the “Standstill Agreement”), (viii) the Company’s obligation under the Standstill Agreement to enter into a comprehensive amendment that is satisfactory in form and substance to the first lien term loan lenders, (ix) the risk that the holders of a significant number of shares may opt out of and elect not to participate in or be bound by the Securities Class Action Settlement Agreement, (x) the risk that the Securities Class Action Settlement Agreement may not obtain the necessary approval by the court or may be terminated in accordance with its terms, (xi) the risk that insurance proceeds, common shares or other consideration contemplated to be exchanged pursuant to the proposed settlement is not available at the appropriate time and (xii) such other risks and uncertainties outlined in the risk factors detailed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 (as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 1, 2019) and in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2019 (as filed with the SEC on May 9, 2019) and June 30, 2019 (as filed with the SEC on August 2, 2019) and other risk factors identified from time to time in the Company’s filings with the SEC.  Readers should carefully review these risk factors, and should not place undue reliance on the Company’s forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are based on information, plans and estimates at the date of this press release.  The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information, future events or other changes.

AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018 2019 2018Revenues, net$176,244  $165,625  $520,172  $540,632 Cost of sales (exclusive of amortization of intangibles, included within operating expenses below)104,842  108,363  327,273  319,863 GROSS PROFIT71,402  57,262  192,899  220,769         Selling, general and administrative expenses55,550  63,197  189,090  209,949 Research and development expenses9,334  12,439  27,543  36,454 Amortization of intangibles9,375  13,613  30,390  39,985 Impairment of goodwill—  —  15,955  — Impairment of intangible assets—  29,649  10,748  112,998 Litigation rulings, settlements and contingencies(11,625) 14,344  63,254  13,944 TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES62,634  133,242  336,980  413,330 OPERATING INCOME/(LOSS)8,768  (75,980) (144,081) (192,561)Amortization of deferred financing costs(8,581) (1,304) (15,540) (3,912)Interest expense, net(18,982) (11,691) (50,650) (32,331)Other non-operating income/(expense), net208  436  806  (18)        (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES(18,587) (88,539) (209,465) (228,822)Income tax (benefit)(66,257) (18,399) (63,355) (41,951)        NET INCOME/(LOSS)$47,670  $(70,140) $(146,110) $(186,871)NET INCOME/(LOSS) PER SHARE       NET INCOME/(LOSS) PER SHARE, BASIC$0.38  $(0.56) $(1.16) $(1.49)NET INCOME/(LOSS) PER SHARE, DILUTED$0.38  $(0.56) $(1.16) $(1.49)        SHARES USED IN COMPUTING NET INCOME/(LOSS) PER SHARE       BASIC126,144  125,462  125,920  125,346 DILUTED126,826  125,462  125,920  125,346         COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)       Net income/(loss)$47,670  $(70,140) $(146,110) $(186,871)Unrealized holding (loss) on available-for-sale securities, net of tax of $0 and $2 for the three month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, and $1 and $3 the nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.—  (4) (3) (9)Foreign currency translation (loss)(2,135) (4,669) (1,179) (11,867)Pension liability adjustment gain, net of tax of ($10) and ($1) for the three month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, and ($29) and ($3) for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.39  4  113  12 COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)$45,574  $(74,809) $(147,179) $(198,735) 

AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands, Except Share Data)

 September 30,
2019  (Unaudited)
 December 31,
2018
ASSETS   CURRENT ASSETS   Cash and cash equivalents$205,542  $224,868 Trade accounts receivable, net142,871  153,126 Inventories, net167,701  173,645 Prepaid expenses and other current assets17,842  32,180   TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS533,956  583,819 PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET322,119  334,853 OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS   Goodwill267,923  283,879 Intangible assets, net243,926  284,976 Right-of-use assets, net – Operating leases23,016  — Other non-current assets7,424  7,730   TOTAL OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS542,289  576,585   TOTAL ASSETS$1,398,364  $1,495,257 LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY   CURRENT LIABILITIES   Trade accounts payable$52,389  $39,570 Income taxes payable165  — Accrued royalties7,285  6,786 Accrued compensation29,695  19,745 Accrued administrative fees32,400  36,767 Current portion of accrued legal fees and contingencies40,891  52,413 Current portion of lease liability – Operating leases2,334  — Accrued expenses and other liabilities12,235  15,542 Current portion of long-term debt (net of deferred financing costs)838,517  —   TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES1,015,911  170,823 LONG-TERM LIABILITIES   Long-term debt (net of non-current deferred financing costs)—  820,411 Deferred tax liability943  566 Uncertain tax liabilities2,285  49,990 Long-term lease liability – Operating leases22,562  — Long-term portion of accrued legal fees and contingencies37,000  — Pension obligations and other liabilities7,255  9,601   TOTAL LONG-TERM LIABILITIES70,045  880,568   TOTAL LIABILITIES1,085,956  1,051,391 SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY   Preferred stock, $1 par value – 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.—  — Common stock, no par value – 150,000,000 shares authorized; 126,145,832 and 125,492,373 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.590,274  574,553 Accumulated deficit(253,278) (107,168)Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)(24,588) (23,519)  TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY312,408  443,866   TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY$1,398,364  $1,495,257  

AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In Thousands)
(Unaudited)

 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2019 2018OPERATING ACTIVITIES:   Net (loss)$(146,110) $(186,871)Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net (loss)  to net cash provided by/(used in) operating activities:   Depreciation and amortization53,237  61,101 Amortization of debt financing costs15,540  3,912 Impairment of intangible assets10,748  112,998 Goodwill impairment15,955  — Fixed asset impairment and other10,385  — Non-cash stock compensation expense16,034  17,199 Non-cash interest expense2,567  — Deferred income taxes, net381  (42,726)Other(29) 467 Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   Other non-current assets455  (2,389)Trade accounts receivable10,148  (22,269)Inventories, net5,909  (11,422)Prepaid expenses and other current assets12,486  373 Trade accounts payable15,868  10,752 Accrued legal fees and contingencies25,478  20,922 Uncertain tax liabilities(47,705) 646 Accrued expenses and other liabilities3,447  567 NET CASH PROVIDED BY/(USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES$4,794  $(36,740)INVESTING ACTIVITIES:   Proceeds from disposal of assets—  28 Payments for intangible assets(87) (50)Purchases of property, plant and equipment(23,522) (51,045)NET CASH (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES$(23,609) $(51,067)FINANCING ACTIVITIES:   Proceeds from the exercise of stock options—  546 Stock compensation plan withholdings for employee taxes(313) (776)Payment of contingent acquisition liabilities—  (4,793)Lease payments(344) (10)NET CASH (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES$(657) $(5,033)Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents19  (900)(DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS$(19,453) $(93,740)Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period225,794  369,889 CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT END OF PERIOD$206,341  $276,149 SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:   Amount paid for interest$52,973  $40,487 Amount (received) paid for income taxes, net$(14,460) $9,667 Additional capital expenditures included in accounts payable$3,515  $10,504         

Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income/(Loss) to Non-GAAP EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
(In Thousands)
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, September 30,  2019 2018 2019 2018NET INCOME/(LOSS)$47,670  $(70,140) $(146,110) $(186,871)         ADJUSTMENTS TO ARRIVE AT EBITDA:        Depreciation expense7,739  7,050  22,847  21,116  Amortization expense9,375  13,613  30,390  39,985  Interest expense, net18,982  11,691  50,650  32,331  Income tax (benefit)(66,257) (18,399) (63,355) (41,951)EBITDA17,509  (56,185) (105,578) (135,390)         NON-CASH AND OTHER NON-RECURRING INCOME AND EXPENSES        Merger and acquisition-related expenses21  24  27  99  Employee retention expense1,813  —  5,156  —  Data integrity investigations & assessment2,660  5,763  10,679  22,399  Fresenius transaction & Securities Class Action Litigation2,690  9,445  6,135  35,002  Refinancing advisory fees1,511  —  11,549  —  Non-cash stock compensation expense5,726  5,746  16,034  17,199  Impairment of goodwill—  —  15,955  —  Impairment of intangible assets—  29,648  10,748  112,998  Amortization of deferred financing costs8,581  1,304  15,540  3,912  Restatement expenses—  69  (26) (746) Executive termination expenses—  —  835  —  Impairment of fixed assets and other158  —  10,385  —  (Gain) on disposal of fixed assets—  (204) (29) (224) Litigation rulings, settlements and contingencies(11,625) 14,344  63,254  13,944 ADJUSTED EBITDA$29,044  $9,954  $60,664  $69,193  

The table below sets forth expenses included in Net (loss) that have not been included as adjustments to arrive at EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA in the preceding table.

 ($ in thousands)  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 30, September 30, 2019 2018 2019 2018FDA compliance related expenses$4,566  $9,484  $27,407  $9,734 Failure to supply penalties (recorded as a contra-revenue)(600) 3,982  9,625  14,991 TheraTears® direct-to-consumer advertising campaign1,516  1,299  3,950  11,174             

Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income/(Loss) to non-GAAP Adjusted Net (Loss) and Adjusted Diluted (Loss) Earnings Per Share
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 30, September 30, 2019 2018 2019 2018NET INCOME/(LOSS)$47,670  $(70,140) $(146,110) $(186,871)        Income tax (benefit)(66,257) (18,399) (63,355) (41,951)        (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES$(18,587) $(88,539) $(209,465) $(228,822)        ADJUSTMENTS TO ARRIVE AT ADJUSTED NET INCOME:       Merger & acquisition-related expenses (1)21  24  27  99 Employee retention expense (2, 3, 4)1,813  —  5,156  — Data integrity investigations & assessment (2)2,660  5,763  10,679  22,399 Fresenius transaction & litigation (2)2,690  9,445  6,135  35,002 Refinancing advisory fees (2)1,511  —  11,549  — Restatement expenses (2)—  69  (26) (746)Non-cash stock compensation expense (2, 3, 4)5,726  5,746  16,034  17,199 Amortization expense (5)9,375  13,613  30,390  39,985 Impairment of goodwill (7)—  —  15,955  — Impairment of intangible assets (7)—  29,648  10,748  112,998 Amortization of deferred financing costs (8)8,581  1,304  15,540  3,912 Executive termination expenses (2)—  —  835  — Impairment of fixed assets and other (9)158  —  10,385  — Gain on disposal of fixed assets (2, 6)—  (204) (29) (224)Litigation rulings, settlements and contingencies (10)(11,625) 14,344  63,254  13,944 ADJUSTED INCOME/(LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX$2,323  $(8,787) $(12,833) $15,746         Option exercise and RSU vesting tax impact (11)—  (1,278) —  (2,416)Adjustments to income tax (benefit)/provision (11)—  (596) —  6,013 TOTAL ADJUSTED INCOME TAX (BENEFIT)/PROVISION$—  $(1,874) $—  $3,597         ADJUSTED NET INCOME/(LOSS)$2,323  $(6,913) $(12,833) $12,149         ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE$0.02  $(0.06) $(0.10) $0.10         (1) – Excluded from Acquisition-related costs       (2) – Excluded from SG&A expenses       (3) – Excluded from R&D expenses       (4) – Excluded from Cost of sales       (5) – Excluded from Amortization of intangibles       (6) – Excluded from Other non-operating (expense) income, net       (7) – Excluded from Impairment of goodwill, intangible assets       (8) – Excluded from Amortization of deferred financing costs       (9) – Excluded from Impairment of fixed assets       (10) – Excluded from Litigation rulings, settlements and contingencies       (11) – Included in Income tax expense               

AKORN, INC.
Reconciliation of GAAP Debt to Non-GAAP Net Debt and Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio
(In Thousands, Except Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio)

 September 30, 2019GAAP Debt$838,517 Deferred financing costs6,918 Total term loans outstanding$845,435 Cash and cash equivalents205,542   Net debt$639,893   Adjusted EBITDA, trailing twelve months ended$40,752   Net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio15.7 

AKORN, INC.
Reconciliation of 2019 Financial Guidance of GAAP Net Loss to Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA
(In Millions)

            Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income to NON-GAAP Adjusted Net Income:  2019 Guidance Lower Range Upper RangeGAAP NET (LOSS)$(193) $(178)    Add:   Intangible asset amortization expense40  40 Share-based compensation expense21  21 Amortization of deferred financing costs22  22 Other one-time expenses144  144     Subtract:   Income tax (benefit)(63) (63)    Adjusted NET (LOSS)$(29) $(14)    Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income to NON-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA  2019 Guidance Lower Range Upper RangeNET (LOSS)$(193) $(178)    Add:   Depreciation expense30  30 Amortization expense40  40 Interest expense, net70  70 Income tax (benefit)(63) (63)EBITDA$(116) $(101)    Add:   Employee retention expense7  7 Data Integrity investigations & assessment13  13 Fresenius transaction & litigation7  7 Non-cash stock compensation expense21  21 Refinancing advisory fees16  16 Impairment of goodwill16  16 Impairment of intangible assets11  11 Amortization of deferred financing costs22  22 Executive termination expenses1  1 Impairment of fixed assets and other10  10 Litigation rulings, settlements and contingencies63  63 ADJUSTED EBITDA$71  $86 

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